Another: In vv 6-7 of Galatians 1 Paul accuses the Galatians of turning aside from the Gospel as preached by himself to a perverted version put about by agitators. He indulges in a little word play (which tends to get lost in translation) to make his point. He tells the Galatians (v 6) that they are substituting ‘another’ gospel for the real one, the word for ‘another’ here being heteron. Then he goes on to say (v 7) that this substituted gospel is not, in fact, ‘another’, and the word he uses here for ‘another’ is allo. This seems contradictory until we note that heteron means ‘of a different kind’, whereas allo means ‘of the same kind’. And so what Paul is telling them is that the ‘gospel’ they have received from the agitators is not merely another version (allo) of the Gospel preached by Paul but is so different (heteron) that it is something else altogether. When, in John 14:16, Jesus tells his disciples that He will send them ‘another Comforter’, He uses the word allo(n) for ‘another’ because the Holy Spirit, although different from Jesus, is like Him. Heteron enters into compound words, the best known probably being ‘heterodox’ as opposed to ‘orthodox’. ‘Orthodox’ means ‘right-thinking’ or ‘straight-thinking’ whereas ‘heterodox’ means ‘not orthodox’.
A Word in Season