In Athens, hubrizo included violent physical assault such as would, in today’s terms, constitute an indictable offence. The cognate noun to this verb is hubris. As well as covering all the kinds of acts included under hubrizo, this word also had a religious sense tantamount to ‘blasphemy’. In this sense, especially found in Greek tragedy, it features ‘an overweening arrogance towards or defiance of the gods’, provoking Nemesis, or divine retribution.
The word has come into English in much the same sense, except for a toning down of the idea of blasphemy. Not that such an idea is far away. There were those who, at the time of the sinking of the Titanic, attributed the disaster to Britain’s hubris as an industrial and military power; and the outbreak of the First World War was seen by some as retribution for the hubris of the nations.